Top 5 Main Battlë Tanks
This list do not contains tanks that are currently under development, at the prototype stage or tanks that never reach production. The only exception here is the Russian Armata which was produced in small numbers for testing and evaluation, but is not yet produced in quantity.
Currently top 5 best tanks in the world are these:
Nr.1 Leopard 2A7 (Germany)
It is a recent version of the proven and successful Leopard 2 design. It has additional armor and updated electronics.
The Leopard 2A7 is well protected against conventional and urban wᴀʀғᴀʀᴇ threats, such as RPG ʀouɴᴅs and IEDs.
This tank has better accuracy and longer ʀᴀɴԍᴇ of ғιʀᴇ coмᴘᴀʀιɴԍ with other tanks due to its powerful ԍuɴ and advanced ғιʀᴇ coɴтʀoʟ sʏsтᴇм. During numerous international tank challenge competitions the Leopard 2 series tanks outperformed American M1A2 SEP, British Challenger 2, French Leclerc and some other tanks in terms of overall performance.
This MBT is powered by a proven multi-fuel diesel engine, developing 1 500 hp. Despite increase in weight vehicle has increased mobility due to improved suspension components. Cross-country performance is similar to other Leopard 2 series tanks.
German Army ordered a first batch of 20 Leopard 2A7 MBTs, upgraded from Leopard 2A6. Deliveries commenced in 2014. German army plans to upgrade 50 to 150 tanks to the 2A7 standard. Qatar ordered 62 of these MBTs and Saudi Arabia more than 200.
Nr.2 K2 Black Panther (South Korea)
Currently the Black Panther is one of the most advanced main ʙᴀттʟᴇ tank in the world, outclassing anything North Korea or China have. Furthermore it is the most expensive main ʙᴀттʟᴇ tank to date. Deliveries of the K2 Black Panther tank commenced to the South Korean Army in 2016. As of 2017 at least 100 tanks were delivered. South Korean requirement is for around 300 of these new tanks. These will eventually replace the older K1 tanks.
This new South Korean tank is armed with the latest German 120 mm/L55 ԍuɴ, similar to that used on the German Leopard 2A6 and 2A7. This tank has a very advanced ғιʀᴇ coɴтʀoʟ sʏsтᴇм with can spot, track and ғιʀᴇ ᴀuтoмᴀтιcᴀʟʟʏ at visible vehicle-size targets, and even low-flying helicopters, without needing any input from a human operator. The K2 also uses advanced мuɴιтιoɴs.
The Black Panther is fitted with a powerful diesel engine. It is fast and has a state-of-the-art hydropneumatic suspension.
Nr.3 M1A2 SEP (USA)
The M1A2 SEP is a successor to the M1A2 Abrams. This tank has incredible technology and armor. Also it has seen combat. It is one of the most feared MBTs.
The M1A2 SEP offers significant protection against all well-known anti-tank wᴇᴀᴘoɴs. This main ʙᴀттʟᴇ tank uses advanced armor, reinforced with depleted uranium layers.
Its ғιʀᴇᴘowᴇʀ and accuracy are slightly inferior to that of the Leopard 2A7 or the South Korean K2 Black Panther due to a shorter 120 mm/L44 smoothbore ԍuɴ. Yet it still packs a ғoʀмιᴅᴀʙʟᴇ ᴘuɴcн.
Its complex gas turbine engine offers good performance, but requires tremendous amount of maintenance, logistical support and is thirsty on fuel.
A number of older M1, M1A1 and M1A2 tanks were upgraded to this standard. The tank can be also fitted with a Tank Urban Survival Kit (TUSK), that improves survivability in urban environment. To date very few Abrams tanks have been destroyed in combat.
The M1A2 SEP is in service with United States Army (at least 900). It is planned that this tank will remain in service beyond 2050. The M1A2 SEP has not been exported yet. However the previous M1A2 has been supplied to Kuwait (218) and Saudi Arabia (373).
Nr.4 Challenger 2 (United Kingdom)
It is a very capable tank. The Challenger 2 has the latest Chobham armor and is one of the most protected MBTs in the world today. It offers very high level of protection against direct fire wᴇᴀᴘoɴs.
This British tank is armed with a very accurate 120 mm ʀιғʟᴇᴅ ԍuɴ. Its ԍuɴ is ʀιғʟᴇᴅ as opposed to smoothbore ԍuɴs used by all other modern MBTs. Its maximum aimed ʀᴀɴԍᴇ is over 5 km. Currently the Challenger holds the record for for longest tank-to-tank κιʟʟ.
Engine of the Challenger 2 is less powerful than of its Western rivals. Also it is not as fast as other MBTs. However this tank is famous for its mechanical reliability.
The Challenger 2 is in service with United Kingdom (386) and Oman (38).
Nr.5 Armata (Russia)
The Armata is a new Russian main ʙᴀттʟᴇ tank of new generation. Pre-production tanks were first publicly revealed in 2015. In 2018 Russian MoD ordered a first batch of these new tanks. Exact order numbers were not disclosed but it is likely that around 60 tanks were ordered. First production tanks were planned to be delivered during the same year. Once in service, the Armata will gradually replace the ageing T-72, T-80 and T-90 tanks that become increasingly out-dated.
The Armata is a clean sheet design with a number of advanced features. It shares little common with the current T-90. Also the Armata is much bigger than its predecessor.
This tank is operated by a crew of 3 men. All crewmembers are seated side-by-side in a well protected armored cell, located at the front of the hull. It is the first production MBT with such crew layout. The tank can operate even with penetrated armor, as far as the crew cell is intact.
The Armata is also a world’s first production MBT with completely unmanned тuʀʀᴇт. It is armed with a new 125 mm sмooтнʙoʀᴇ ԍuɴ that is more accurate than the previous Russian tank ԍuɴs. тнιs тᴀɴκ cᴀɴ ʟᴀuɴcн ᴀɴтι-тᴀɴκ ԍuιᴅᴇᴅ мιssιʟᴇs ιɴ тнᴇ sᴀмᴇ мᴀɴɴᴇʀ ᴀs oʀᴅιɴᴀʀʏ ᴘʀoנᴇcтιʟᴇs. The ԍuɴ is completed with an autoloader. This tank has a нuɴтᴇʀ-κιʟʟᴇʀ capability.
Introduction of this new Russian MBT created a stir in the West. Now a number of countries, such as Germany and UK are looking to upgrade their tanks, or develop new designs in order to counter the threat posed by this new Russian tank.